These are the top 20 scientific discoveries of the decade. First issue of the Journal of the Photographic Society, with a strong interest in scientific photographic discoveries and uses, is published in England. 384-322 BC Aristotle lives. Founding figure: Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895, a discovery for which he received the first Nobel prize for physics in 1901. In the first stage, the aim was to develop imaging techniques to define the anatomic features and functions of the internal organs. All scientific discoveries are amazing, and some are truly life changing. To give science some extra love (as if we could love it any more), we’ve looked back on our conversations and interviews with our life science community to see which scientific discoveries you think are the greatest. He says the world is made of 4 elements, earth, fire, water and air. In many cases, the discovery spanned several years. ... Discoveries from around the world have reinforced that art—or at least doodling—was an … Mathematics, Computer science, agent based modeling, cognitive sciences, Philosophy 1970s: Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman published series of discoveries on the psychology of human judgment and decision making describing the pervasive nature of systematic human cognitive bias and handling of risk in everyday life. 1898 – Ronald Ross discovers the role of the female Anopheles mosquito in the transmission of malaria, caused by one or other of several species of plasmodia, a group of single-celled parasites.. 1954 – Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine is tested. Ancient Greek Science. Erik Gregersen is a senior editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica, specializing in the physical sciences and technology. First stage: Imaging science has evolved in three stages. Also available on web site: online catalogs, secure online ordering, excerpts from new books. Morton worked with another dentist, Horace Wells. The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, and extraordinary literature. Sign up for email notification of new releases in your field. By Tim Lambert. View Full Image 1853 I'm a student of science and science history, and to find a reference to Black Holes on the same page as the discovery of the solar system was a tad weird, since this is supposed to be a timeline that demonstrates what was going on of importance around the world progressively through time. The Timeline below shows the date of publication of major scientific theories. Historical accounts say Morton hoped to make a fortune off his “discovery,” but he ran into many snags before and afterward. 276-194 BC Eratosthenes lives. From Academic Kids. These discoveries lead to Kaelin’s sharing the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2019. 494-434 BC Empedocles lives. 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